Apple has agreed to pay $467,000 to the U.S. Treasury Department for violating sanctions of the U.S. government. The company inadvertently violated the sanction by entering into an app development agreement with a Slovenian developer almost two years ago.
The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) banned SIS d.o.o, an app development firm in Trzin, Slovenia in 2015 for being a part of an international steroid trafficking network. Savo Stjepanovic was also banned since he was the majority owner of the firm. This meant that none of the U.S. companies and individuals could deal with them. The ban was removed from them in May 2017.
However, during the ban, Apple made 47 payments to SIS for its apps on the App Store. It also collected about $1.2 million from customers who had downloaded apps from SIS. Due to the failure to comply with the U.S. sanctions, the company will have pay a $467,000 fine.
OFAC could have assessed Apple a penalty of $74 million for the violations. However, the agency took into account several mitigating factors, including Apple’s voluntary self-disclosure upon learning the violations, the lack of previous OFAC violations and its cooperation with the agency’s investigation.
Since the violations, Apple also increased the role of its global export and sanctions compliance senior manager in the review process, reconfigured its sanctions screening tool to “fully capture” spelling and capitalisation variations and implemented mandatory export and sanctions regulations training for all employees, OFAC said.
According to Apple, it was a simple screening error on Apple’s part which led to their mistake.
On the day Mr. Stjepanovic and SIS were blacklisted, Apple ran the new designations against its app developer account holder names. But the company’s sanctions-screening tool failed to identify SIS as a blacklisted entity because Apple’s system listed the company as “SIS DOO,” rather than “SIS d.o.o” on OFAC’s list, according to the agreement.
Apple allegedly failed to identify Mr. Stjepanovic as a blacklisted individual in its system as well, because Apple didn’t screen all individual users associated with an App Store account at the time, according to the agreement.
It was only after Apple changed its screening process in February 2017 that it discovered SIS was blacklisted by the OFAC. The company immediately suspended making any payments to the firm but continued doing so to other firms that were linked to SIS’s apps.
The OFAC did credit Apple for its voluntary disclosure of the violations but also said that it showed “reckless disregard for U.S. sanctions requirements.”